Precedence is how the operators are evaluted, so something like 3+5*2 ends up as 13, and not 16.

For control over precedence, use parenthesis '(' and ')' to force operations to happen in a specific order.

Indexing ('a.b' or 'a[b]'), function calls ('a(...)'), and method calls ('a:b(...)') always have a higher precedence than the operators.

In lua 5.1 this is the precedence. (from higher to lower priority)

```
(binary)^
(unary)not (unary)# (unary)-
(binary)* (binary)/ (binary)%
(binary)+ (binary)-
(binary)..
(binary)== (binary)~= (binary)< (binary)>
(binary)<= (binary)>=
(binary)and
(binary)or
```

The concatenation operator ('..') and the exponentation operator ('^') are right associative, while everything else is left associative.

i.e

x..y..z is equivalent to x..(y..z)

and

x+y+z is equivalent to (x+y)+z